9TH TEXAS  CAVALRY REGIMENT
Confederate States Army

Col. W. B. Sims, mustered the Ninth Texas Cavalry Regiment  into Confederate service at Camp Reeves, Grayson County,
Texas on October 14,  1861. The original unit consisted of about 1000 officers and men recruited  principally from eight counties
of North Texas: Cass, Fannin, Grayson, Hopkins, Lamar, Red River, Tarrant, and Titus. With William Quayle as Lt. Col., N. W.  
Townes as Major and J. H. Bell as Adjutant, Sims quickly organized the men and  led them North into the Indian Territories to
assist Col. Cooper. Adjutant Bell  having given dissatisfaction, was accused of Abolitionism and of Bigamy, was  found guilty
and the boys
en masse took him out and hung him. By November  12, 1861 a detachment under the command of Lt. Col. Quayle
went forward to Col.  Cooper's camp to assist in fighting Indians. On November 19, 1861 they fought at  Round Mountain and on
December 9, 1861 they fought at Chusto-Talash, AKA Bird  Creek, Indian Territories. They then moved on to Ft. Gibson and
joined other  detachments and fought at Chustenahlah, Indian Territories on December 26, 1861.  After this they rejoined their
wagon train and resumed journey to Arkansas to  join Gen. McCulloch's command in winter camp.
On March 6-7, 1862, the Ninth were at Elkhorn Tavern, also  called Pea Ridge by Union Historians. The 9th moved to the attack
at  11 A.M. Quickly they captured an artillery battery that had fired on them and  captured 6 enemy while killing 50 to 75, but Col.
Sims was severely wounded when  his arm was shattered by a cannon ball. He was later dropped from the rolls in  May 1862.
The next day started with the deaths of Gen. McCulloch and McIntosh  and the capture of Col. Hebert, which caused a lack of
communication and  leadership in these units, and Gen. Van Dorn's subsequent decision to retreat  from the battle field.
In May all the units reorganized and were dismounted as  Infantry. N. W. Townes was elected Colonel and Dudley W. Jones was
elected Lt.  Col. Soon after this Company H of the 9th was designated a  sharpshooter and skirmisher company and on August
1, 1862 was attached along  with Company I of the 6th to Col. Ras Stirman's Arkansas Sharpshooter  Regiment. These
regiments all part of Colonel Phiffer's Brigade began to march  toward Corinth, to fight the General Rosecran's Army. On October
the 3-4, 1862,  the 9th fighting alongside the 6th attacked an Ohio  Brigade and received heavy casualties from cannon and rifle
fire. Many of the  wounded were left to be captured. This was true for the 9th and 6th.  In the late afternoon of October 4th, These
two units had had some  success, but were running low on ammunition and men. Without reinforcement they  were forced to
retreat. Gen Van Dorn realized he was fighting a much larger  force and decided to retreat his whole Corps. On the next day the
9th  marched in column behind the 6th, and were able to stop and assume  shooting positions before they were shot down.
Ross had a hundred men captured  and many more dead and wounded. But soon the 6th, Ras Stirman's  Sharpshooters, the
9th and artillery battery commanded the bluff on  the south side of the river and proceeded to blast away at the Union forces,  
thus allowing Gen. Van Dorn's Army to retreat past the Union blocking force. Col. Townes resigned due to an eye injured at
Corinth and Dudley W. Jones was  elected Colonel, a position he would keep till the end of the war.
In November the 9th was remounted and prepared  for a raid to Holly Springs, Mississippi Union Supply Depot. This time they  
operated in a brigade that they would remain with throughout the war. The  brigade's initial commander was Col. John Wilkins
Whitfield who had commanded  the 1st Texas Legion. Gen. Van Dorn led the raid, but Lt. Col.  Griffith of the 6th who designed
the raid was its honorary  commander. This was the first time the 3rd, 6th, 9th  and 27th Texas Cavalry Regiments worked
together. They were called  Whitfield's Brigade but in less than a year they would be Ross' Texas Cavalry  Brigade. The 9th was
a great part of the success of this raid and  the subsequent disruption of rail roads in western Tennessee.
The Ninth fought in Tennessee until it was then brought  back with its brigade to help break the siege of Vicksburg. They
skirmished  outside the siege, but Vicksburg surrendered before they could help. Then began  the most heroic part of the Ninth
and Ross's Brigade histories, for over one  hundred days, they fought Gen. Sherman's Army, delaying its march toward  Atlanta.
The battles of Rome, New Hope Church, Lovejoy's Station and  Jonesborough were names in this campaign. They stopped two
of Sherman's raids,  even though the union had superior forces, but with great loss of men and  horses.  When Atlanta fell and
Gen. Hood took Ross' Brigade back to Tennessee,  the 9th had only 140 men and most of the companies ceased to exist.  The
regiment operated as one large compamy.  About 900 were dead, wounded, sick  or left behind in various duties. Serving as
part of Gen. Nathan B. Forest rear  guard of Hoods Army of Tennessee, they helped prevent the loss of that force.  Starting out
the Brigade had only a strength of 686 men. Following these  battles Ross' Brigade was no longer a viable force. The units
bivouacked in  Mississippi during the remaining few months of the war. Many of the men were  furloughed and many just went
home. The Brigade was officially captured and  paroled at Citronelle, Alabama in May 1865. Of the Ninth, under Col. Dudley W.  
Jones' command only 100 remained to surrender.

Officers
William B. Sims (Colonel)
James C. Bates (Major)
Thomas G. Berry (Lieutenant Colonel)
H. C. Dial (Major)
J. N. Dodson (Major, Lieutenant Colonel)
Dudley W. Jones (Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel)
William Quayle (Lieutenant Colonel)
Nathan W. Townes (Major, Colonel)

Assignments and Engagements
October 1861                                 Department of Texa
November-December 1861       McCulloch's Division, Department #
December 1861-January 1862 McIntosh's Cavalry Brigade, McCulloch's Division,  Department #
January-March 1862                   McIntosh's Cavalry Brigade, McCulloch's Division,  Trans-Mississippi District, Department #
April-July 1862                             Roane's-Phifer's Brigade, Jones'-Maury's Division, Army of  the West, Department #
September-October 1862         Phifer's Brigade, Maury's Division, Army of West  Tennessee, Department #
October - December 1862        Griffith's-Whitfield's Cavalry Brigade, Maury's  Division, Price's Corps, Army of West Tennessee,              
                                                        Department of Mississippi and  East Louisian
January-February 1863            Whitfield's Brigade, 2nd Division, Van Dom's Cavalry  Corps, Department of Mississippi
                                                    and East Louisian
February 1863                           Whitfield's Brigade, Jackson's Division, Van Dom's Cavalry  Corps, Department of Mississippi
                                                   and East Louisian
February-May 1863                  Whitfield's Brigade, Jackson's Division, Van Dorn's Cavalry  Corps, Army of Tennesse
June-July 1863                          Whitfield's Brigade, Jackson's Cavalry Division, Department of  the Wes
July-August 1863                     Whitfield's Brigade, Jackson's Cavalry Division, Department  of Mississippi and East Louisian
August 1863-January 1864   Whitfield's-Ross' Brigade, Jackson's Division, Lee's  Cavalry Corps, Department of Mississippi
                                                  and East Louisia
January-May 1864                   Ross' Brigade, Jackson's Division, Lee's Cavalry Corps,  Department of Alabama, Mississippi,
                                                  and East Louisian
May-July 1864                          Ross' Brigade, Jackson's Cavalry Division, Army of Mississippi
July 1864-February 1865       Ross' Brigade, Jackson's Cavalry Division, Army of  Tennesse
February-May 1865                Ross' Brigade, Jackson's Division, Forrest's Cavalry Corps,  Department of Alabama,
                                                 Mississippi, and East Louisiana

Battles and Engagements
November 19, 1861 Round Mountain [detachment], Indian Territory
December 9, 1861 Chusto-Talash, AKA Bird Creek or High Shoal, I.  T.
March 7-8, 1862 Pea Ridge, AR
April-June 1862 Corinth Campaign, MS
May 9, 1862 Farmington, MS
September 19, 1862 Iuka, MS
October 3-4, 1862 Corinth, MS
October 5, 1862 Hatchie Bridge, MS
December 20, 1862 Holly Springs, MS
December 21, 1862 Davis' Mills, MS
December 24, 1862 Middleburg, TN
March 5, 1863 Thompson's Station, TN
July 1863 Vicksburg Campaign, MS
June 4, 1863 Mechanicsburg, MS
July 1863 Jackson Siege, MS
February-March 1864 Meridian Campaign, MS
March 30, 1864 Snyder's Bluff, MS
March 31, 1864 Roach Plantation, MS?
April 19, 1864 Marion County, GA
May-September 1864 Atlanta Campaign, GA
May 25 -27, 1864 New Hope Church, GA
June 27-July 26, 1864 Marietta, GA
July 28, 1864 Flat Shoals, GA
July 29, 1864 Lovejoy's Station, GA
July 30,1864 Newnan, GA
July-September 1864 Atlanta Siege, GA
August 16, 1864 Fairburn, GA
August 31-September 1, 1864 Jonesboro, GA
October 1864-January 1865 Franklin-Nashville Campaign, TN
November 24, 1864 Campbellsville, TN
November 30,1864 Franklin, TN
December 15, 1864 Murfreesboro, TN
December 15-16, 1864 Nashville, TN
BIBLIOGRAPHY:
Bates, James C., and Richard G. Lowe. A Texas Cavalry  Officer's Civil War : The Diary and Letters of James C. Bates. (Baton
Rouge  : Louisiana State University Press, 1999)
Griscom, George L. Fighting with Ross' Texas Cavalry  Brigade, C.S.A. : the diary of George L. Griscom, adjutant, 9th Texas
Cavalry  Regiment
, ed. by Homer L. Kerr. (Hillsboro, TX : Hill Jr. College Press,  1976)
Hodgson, Matthew.Bampson of Bampson's Legion : an  informal study of Confederate command, Civil War History, I (1960),  
157-169.
(h) Crabb, Martha L. All Afire to Fight: The Untold Tale  of the Civil War's Ninth Texas Cavalry. (Avon Books, 2000)
Sparks, A. W. The War between the states as I saw it :  reminiscent, historical and personal. (Tyler, TX : Lee   Burnett, 1901
Regimental Master Roster
UNIT ROSTERS
Field & Staff
Company A
Company B
Company C
Company D
Company E
Company F
Company G
Company H
Company I
Company K, See Company H for new improved roster.