BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

OF

COLONEL H. P. MABRY.

__________

Colonel H. P. Mabry was born in the village of Laurel

Hill, Carroll county, Georgia, October 27, 1829. His father,

whose Christian name he bears, originally came from

North Carolina, settling in Georgia in 1805. He was a

soldier in the war of 1812, and in the campaigns against

the Creek Indians. The father died while yet the son was

but a youth. Young Mabry was deeply impressed with the

necessity for an education; and as his patrimony was

inconsiderable, he encountered many privations and

hardships in the prosecution of his cherished object. After

attending this "country-school" for a few months, young

Mabry was prepared to enter college-prepared

intellectually, but by no means financially. To obviate this

difficulty, he entered a store as salesman at a salary of five

dollars per month, and in addition to this, he soon found

night employment in the post-office. By the most rigid

economy, he was enabled, after two years incessant labor,

to enter the University of Tennessee, located at Knoxville.

Here, by his studious habits and gentlemanly deportment,

he won the confidence of the college faculty, and the

respect of his fellow-students. But his means were not

sufficient to bear him through the entire course, and he

was compelled to lay aside his cherished books, and go

forth into the world to earn sufficient means to defray his

collegiate expenses. Thus did the indomitable boy earn an

education by his own industry and perseverance. This

indomitable will, and fixedness of purpose, thus early

displayed, continued, in after years, to be the most marked

characteristics of the man. Not many years after the

completion of his education, he removed to Jefferson,

Texas, and engaged in mercantile pursuits. In 1854, he was

united in marriage to Miss Abbie Haywood-a most

estimable lady, worthy to be the wife of a hero-the

daughter of W. H. Haywood, Esq., a planter living near

Jefferson.

Soon after his marriage, Colonel Mabry commenced

the study of law, was admitted to the bar, and at once

entered upon a lucrative practice. He was elected to a seat

in the Legislature, in 1856, and again in 1859, and was reelected

to the same position, and held a seat in the House

of Representatives, in 1861. Upon the secession of Texas,

Colonel Mabry returned home, and organized a military

company, at the head of which he marched against Fort

Wichita. The Federal forces abandoned the fort at his

approach, and retired. Captain Mabry occupied the place

until May 28, when he was relieved, and, with his

company, reported to Colonel Greer for duty, and his

company was assigned the position of Company G, in the

Third Texas Cavalry, the first regiment that left the State of

Texas. As Captain of Company G, and as Colonel of the

regiment, the foregoing narrative deals. He was absolutely

fearless, and cool to indifference in the midst of danger,

and his indomitable will seemed able to grapple with fate

itself in the formulation of destiny. He ought to have been

a Lieutenant-General, and placed in command of

Vicksburg. The "Modern Sphynx" would have found in H.

P. Mabry a foeman worthy of his steel. General Robert

Toombs, of Georgia, has been credited with the saying,

that West Point defeated the Confederacy. Certainly,

proven merit did not receive reward by promotion at the

hands of Mr. Davis, as justice and the efficiency of the

service required. As better illustrating the respect and

esteem in which Colonel Mabry was held by those best

qualified to judge his merits, the following

communications to the Secretary of War are introduced:

 

"HEAD-QUARTERS, SNYDER'S MILLS,

"YAZOO RIVER, March 30, 1864.

"HON. JAMES A. SEDDON:

"Sir-I have the honor to recommend for promotion to

the rank of Brigadier-General, P. A. C. S., Colonel H. P.

Mabry, Third Regiment, Texas Cavalry; having been near

him in the field since July, 1861; having had him under my

command, in my brigade, for many months; having seen

him tested in camp, on the march, and on various hard fought

fields, I can, unhesitatingly, and do, cheerfully, recommend

him for a higher rank, as a meed to merit and distinguished

service. He was severely wounded in Missouri, in 1861,

and still more severely at the battle of Iuka, on the 19th of

September last, when he and his gallant regiment most

heroically bore what I considered the brunt of the fight.

As a man of correct principles, of soldier-like deportment,

of good finished education, of unquestioned coolness,

bravery, and sagacity, of systematic and determined

character, and as a disciplinarian, I can fully recommend

him as highly fitted to take command of a brigade, and

I feel sure that his success would be satisfactory to the

War Department, the President, and the country.

"I remain, sir, very respectfully your obedient servant,

"LOUIS HEBERT,

Brigadier-General, P. A. C. S."

 

"HEAD-QUARTERS TEXAS CAVALRY BRIGADE,

"March 27, 1864.

"HON. JAMES A. SEDDON:

"Sir-Having learned that the interest of the service

demands the appointment of another Brigadier-General in

Major-General Lee's Cavalry corps, the undersigned

officers of the Texas Brigade cheerfully recommend to

your favorable consideration, the peculiar claims of

Colonel Mabry, Third Texas Cavalry. He has been

faithfully engaged, in the service of his country, since July,

1861; twice severely wounded, and by gallantry and rigid

discipline, has won the universal approbation of his

superior officers. For force of character, resolution,

prudence, indomitable courage, energy, and ability, he has

no superior in the cavalry of the Department.

"L. S. ROSS, Brigadier-General.

"E. R. HAWKINS,

"Colonel First Texas Legion.

"D. W. JONES,

"Colonel Ninth Texas Cavalry.

"P. F. ROSS,

"Lieut.-Colonel Sixth Texas Cavalry.

"JILES S. BOGGESS,

"Lieut.-Colonel Third Texas Cavalry."

 

"HEAD-QUARTERS ARMSTRONG'S DIVISION,

"NEAR CANTON, MISS., March 29, 1864.

"GENERAL S. COOPER,

"Adjutant and Inspector-General, Richmond, Va.:

"General-I have the honor to recommend Colonel H.

P. Mabry, Third Texas Cavalry, for promotion, to be placed

in command of a brigade now in my division. Although

Colonel Mabry has never served under my immediate

command, I can recommend him, as he commanded a

regiment (Third Texas Cavalry, dismounted), in General

Hebert's Infantry Brigade, in which I commanded the

Third Louisiana Regiment. I consider him an excellent

disciplinarian (especially needed in the cavalry), and one

of the most competent, in every respect, that can be

selected. His regiment, which is the best qualification, is

one of the best disciplined, and most efficient, in the

service.

"I have the honor to be, with respect, your obedient

servant,

"FRANK C. ARMSTRONG,

Brigadier-General."

 

"HEAD-QUARTERS LEE'S CAVALRY

DEPARTMENT,

"CANTON, MISS., March 29, 1864.

"GENERAL S. COOPER,

"Adjutant and Inspector-General, Richmond, Va.:

"General-I have the honor to recommend that Colonel

H. P. Mabry, Third Texas Cavalry, be appointed Brigadier

General, and assigned to the command of the brigade

recently commanded by Brigadier-General Adams.

Colonel Mabry entered the service when the war first

broke out, and has continued therein ever since, except

when temporarily absent on account of two wounds

received in battle. I consider him the best disciplinarian in

my command. He has distinguished himself in most of the

engagements of the West, and has often been

complimented for his gallantry and good conduct. I desire

Colonel Mabry as a permanent commander of the brigade

to which he is now temporarily assigned.

"I am, General, yours respectfully,

"S. D. LEE, Major-General."

 

"GENERAL S. COOPER,

"Adjutant and Inspector-General, Richmond, Va.:

"General-I have the honor to enclose a return of the

brigade commanded by Colonel H. P. Mabry. It is the

brigade recently commanded by Brigadier-General Wirt

Adams, who now commands a division consisting of the

brigades of Generals Gholson and John Scott, in East

Louisiana. Mabry's Brigade was in his command, but is

now in North Mississippi. General Adams has immediate

charge of the country from Grenada to New Orleans. I

consider Colonel Mabry one of the best officers I have met

in the army, and much desire his promotion. Should it not

be deemed proper to appoint him in this Department, and

to his present brigade, I trust he may be promoted and

assigned elsewhere.

"Yours, respectfully,

"S. D. LEE, Major-General."

 

H. P. Mabry was assigned to General Nathan Bedford

Forestís Division as a a brigade commander, in the Army

of Tennessee where he did outstanding service for the

Confederacy where he had insufficient men and material.

When Forrest had a Corps in late 1864 during Hoodís ill

fated campaign inTennessee, Mabry commanded a Division

on several occasions and only the wars end kept him from

Major General.

After his brigade was broken up in February 1865 Mabry

was reassigned to duty west of the Mississippi. He signed

his parole at Shreveport on June 22, 1865. At least one

contemporary source indicates that Mabry was commissioned

brigadier general in 1865. He later served in the Constitutional

Convention of 1866qv and was elected to preside over the

Eighth Judicial District. Federal military authorities replaced

him a year later, however. Mabry continued to practice law in

Jefferson until 1879, when he moved to Fort Worth. He died at

Sherman on March 21, 1884, and was buried in Oakwood

Cemetery at Jefferson.

 "MABRY, HINCHE PARHAM." The Handbook of Texas Online. <http://web.archive.org/web/20030513153836/http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/view/MM/fma2.html>